Flora of Jemison Park


Trees, Shrubs, and Vines of Jemison Park

Following is a list by family of the native deciduous and evergreen trees, shrubs, and vines that create the inviting canopy of the park. For more about trees and shrubs in the area, see Trees and Shrubs in the Heart of Dixie by Blanche E. Dean.

Pine family, Pinacae

Loblolly Pine, Pinus taeda

Shortleaf Pine, P. echinata

Bald Cypress, Taxodium distichum

Lily Family, Liliaceae

Catbriar, Smilax rotundifolia

Willow family, Salicaceae

Black Willow, Salix nigra

Bayberry Family, Myricaceae

Northern Wax Myrtle, Myrica pensylvanica

Walnut family, Junglandaceae

Bitternut Hickory, Carya cordiformis

Southern Shagbark Hickory, C. ovata

Mockernut Hickory, C. tomentosa

Black Walnut, Juglans nigra


Songs of Summer

While many people are aware that birds, mammals, and even frogs can be identified and enjoyed by song and call as well as by sight, few realize that the same is true of insects. Yet insects are a prominent aspect of  summertime life in the park. Dog day cicadas, which emerge annually, are active during the dog days of summer, July and August. They are large insects, usually 1-2 inches in length, primarily blackish but often with green markings. While sometimes found attached to a tree trunk in some stage of molting, they are more often heard than seen. Calls of the buzz saw cicada, Tibicen lyricen and the big cicada, Tibicen auletes, both long extended buzzes, ring out in the morning and into the heat of a hot summer day.  Later in the afternoon, around 5:00, the scissor grinders, Tibicen pruinosa, tune up with their interrupted buzzing call of “zaaaaazur/zaaaaazur/zaaaaazur/zaaaaaz” etc., the “zur” sound dropping in pitch. Katydids, Pterophylla camellifolia begin their songs after dark, one at a time at first but soon in great chorus from high in the deciduous trees. Because they inhabit the heights, these large bright green members of the grasshopper family are rarely seen, but their well known song of “katy-did, katy-didn’t,” sung in unison, produces the pulsing background for the moonlight and magnolias of a Southern night.


Birch family, Betulaceae

Eastern Hophornbeam, Ostrya virginiana

Ironwood, Carpinus caroliniana

River Birch, Betula nigra

Tag Alder, Alnus serrulata

Beech family, Fagaceae

American Beech, Fagus grandifolia

White Oak, Quercus alba

Southern Red Oak, Q. falcata

Northern Red Oak, Q. rubra

Blackjack Oak, Q. marilandica

Water Oak, Q. nigra

Overcup Oak, Q. lyrata

Post Oak, Q. stellata

Scarlet Oak, Q. coccinea

Shumard’s Oak, Q. shumardii

Pagoda Oak, Q. pagoda

Chestnut Oak, Q. prinus

Mulberry family, Moraceae

Red Mulberry, Morus rubra

Mistletoe family, Loranthaceae

Mistletoe, Phoradendron serotinum

Elm family, Ulmaceae

American Elm, Ulmus americana

Winged Elm, U. alata

Hackberry, Celtis laevigata

Crowfoot family, Ranunculaceae

Yellow-root, Xanthorhiza simplicissima

Anise family, Illiciaceae

Florida Anise, Illicium floridanum

Anise, I. parviflorum

Magnolia family, Magnoliaceae

Yellow Poplar or Tulip Tree, Liriodendron tulipifera

Southern Magnolia, Magnolia grandiflora

Umbrella Magnolia, M. tripetala

Sweet Bay, M. virginiana

Custard-apple family, Annonaceae

Dwarf Pawpaw, Asimina parviflora

Pawpaw, A. triloba

Strawberry-shrub family, Calycanthaceae

Sweet-shrub, Calycanthus floridus

Saxifrage family, Saxifragaceae

Virginia Willow, Itea virginica

Climbing Hydrangea, Decumaria barbara

Nine-bark Hydrangea, Hydrangea arborescens

Oakleaf Hydrangea, H. quercifolia

Witch-hazel family, Hamamelidaceae

Sweet Gum, Liquidambar styraciflua

Witch-hazel, Hamamelis virginiana

Laurel family, Lauraceae

Sassafras, Sassafras albidum

Spice Bush, Lindera benzoin

Plane-tree family, Platanaceae

Sycamore, Platanus occidentalis

Rose family, Rosaceae

Parsley Hawthorn, Crataegus marshallii

Washington Thorn, C. phaenopyrum

Little-hip Thorn, C. spathulata

Downy Shadbush or Serviceberry, Amelanchier arborea

Common Choke-cherry, Prunus virginiana

Wild Black Cherry, P. serotina

Red Chokeberry, Aronia arbutifolia

Bean family, Fabaceae

Eastern Redbud, Cercis canadensis

Black Locust, Robinia pseudo-acacia

Rue family, Rutaceae

Wafer Ash, Ptelea trifoliata

Cashew family, Anacardiaceae

Poison Ivy, Toxicodendron radicans

Smooth Sumac, Rhus glabra

Holly family, Aquifoliaceae

Deciduous Holly, Ilex longipes

American Holly, I. opaca

Possumhaw, I. decidua

Staff-tree family, Celastraceae

Strawberry Bush, Euonymus americanus

Bladdernut family, Staphyleaceae

American Bladdernut, Staphylea trifolia

Maple family, Aceraceae

Box Elder, Acer negundo

Red Maple, A. rubrum

Florida Maple, A. floridanum

Chalk Maple, A. leucoderme

Buckeye family, Hippocastanaceae

Red Buckeye, Aesculus pavia

White Buckeye, A. parviflora

Buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae

Carolina Buckthorn, Rhamnus caroliniana Rattan Vine, Berchemia scandens

Vine family, Vitaceae

Muscadine, Vitis rotundifolia

Linden family, Tiliaceae

Basswood, Tilia alabamensis

Sour Gum family, Nyssaceae

Black Gum, Nyssa sylvatica

Dogwood family, Cornaceae

Flowering Dogwood, Cornus florida

Swamp Dogwood, C. amomum



In addition to the native plants in the park (those considered to have been growing in North America before European settlement), a number of  trees, shrubs, vines, and herbs from other areas of the world can be found. These are noted as Exotics, some of which have adapted so well that they are classified as Invasives (noted in the following list by (I)) and should eventually be removed if possible.

Shrubs and Vines

Common Privet, Ligustrum vulgare (I)

Japanese Honeysuckle, Lonicera japonica (I)

Elaeagnus, Elaeagnus pungens

Crape Myrtle, Lagerstroemia indica

Mahonia, Mahonia bealii

Chinese Holly, Ilex cornuta

Winter Creeper, Euonymus fortunei

Althaea, Hibiscus syriacus

Nandina, Nandina domestica

Aucuba, Aucuba japonica

Deutzia, Deutzia scabra

Tea Plant, Camellia sinensis

Chinese Wisteria, Wisteria sinensis (I)

Sweet Autumn Clematis, Clematis paniculata

Kudzu, Pueraria lobata (I)

English Ivy, Hedera helix (I)


Chinese Parasol Tree, Firmiana simplex (I)

Mimosa, Albizia julibrissin (I)

Yoshino Cherry, Prunus yedoensis

Princess Tree, Paulownia tomentosa

Cherry Laurel, Prunus laurocerasus


Hosta, Hosta caerulea

Monkey Grass, Liriope muscari (I)

Strawberry Begonia, Saxifraga sarmentosa

Vinca or Periwinkle or Myrtle, Vinca minor

Various Grasses

Various grasses

Heath family, Ericaceae

Wild Honeysuckle or Wild Azalea, Rhododendron canescens

Mountain Laurel, Kalmia latifolia

Sourwood, Oxydendrum arboreum

Huckleberry, Vaccinium elliottii

Sparkleberry, V. arboreum

Dwarf Huckleberry, V. vacillans

Ebony family, Ebenaceae

Persimmon, Diospyros virginiana

Sweetleaf family, Symplocaceae

Horse Sugar, Symplocos tinctoria

Storax family, Styracaceae

Silverbell, Halesia carolina

Storax, Styrax grandifolia

Olive family, Oleaceae

Green Ash, Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Swamp Privet, Forestiera ligustrina

Fringe-tree, Chionanthus virginicus

Logania family, Loganiaceae

Yellow Jessamine, Gelsemium sempervirens

Milkweed family, Asclepiadaceae

Matelea, Matelea carolinensis

Bignonia family, Bignoniaceae

Cross-vine, Bignonia capreolata

Madder Family, Rubiaceae

Common Buttonbush, Cephalanthus occidentalis

Elder-Honeysuckle Family, Caprifoliaceae

American Elderberry, Sambucus canadensis

Southern Black Haw, Viburnum rufidulum


Wildflowers of Jemison Park


Native wildflowers brighten the park from earliest spring until late in autumn. The Nature Trail along Overbrook Road is especially rich in species. For more about our wildflowers, see Wildflowers of Alabama and Adjoining States by Blanche E. Dean, Amy Mason, and Joab L. Thomas.

Arum family, Araceae

Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Arisaema triphyllum

Spiderwort family, Commelinaceae

Dayflower, Commelina erecta

Virginia Spiderwort, Tradescantia virginiana

Lily family, Liliaceae

Fairy Wand, Chamaelirium luteum

Fly-Poison, Amianthium muscaetoxicum Whippoorwill Flower or Toad Trillium, Trillium cuneatum

Decumbent Trillium, T. decumbens

Solomon’s Seal, Polygonatum biflorum

False Solomon’s Seal, Smilacina racemosa

Trout Lily, Erythronium rostratum

Perfoliate Bellwort, Uvularia perfoliata

False Garlic, Allium bivalve

Dioscoreaceae family, Dioscoreaceae

Wild Yam, Dioscorea glauca

Amaryllis family, Amaryllidaceae

Star Grass, Hypoxis hirsute

Iris family, Iridaceae

Blue-eyed Grass, Sisyrinchium angustifolium

Dwarf Crested Iris, Iris cristata

Dwarf Iris, I. verna

Dutchman’s-Pipe family, Aristolochiaceae

Heartleaf, Wild Ginger, Hexastylis arifolia

Purslane family, Portulacaceae

Spring Beauty, Claytonia virginica

Pink family, Caryophyllaceae

Giant Chickweed, Stellaria pubera

Buttercup family, Ranunculaceae

Buttercup, Ranunculus hispidus

Yellowroot, Xanthorhiza simplicissima

Rue Anemone, Thalictrum thalictroides

Wood Anemone, Anemone quinquefolia

Sharp-lobed Hepatica or Liverleaf, Hepatica acutiloba

Barberry family, Berberidaceae

May Apple, Podophyllum peltatum

Poppy family, Papaveraceae

Bloodroot, Sanguinaria canadensis

Mustard family, Brassicaceae

Two-leaved Toothwort, Cardamine diphylla

Saxifrage family, Saxifragaceae

Early Saxifrage, Saxifraga virginiensis

Foamflower, Tiarella wherryi

Alumroot, Heuchera americana

Rose family, Rosaceae

Cinquefoil, Potentilla canadensis

Bowman’s-Root, Gillenia trifoliata

Bean family, Fabaceae

Butterfly Pea, Clitoria mariana

Wood Sorrel family, Oxalidaceae

Wood Sorrel, Oxalis or Sour-Grass, Oxalis violacea

Large Yellow Wood Sorrel, O. grandis

Geranium family, Geraniaceae

Wild Geranium, Geranium maculatum

Spurge family, Euphorbiaceae

Flowering Spurge, Euphorbia corollata

Touch-Me-Not family, Balsaminaceae

Jewelweed, Impatiens capensis

St. John’s-Wort family, Hypericaceae

St. Peter’s-Wort, Hypericum stans

Violet family, Violaceae

Common Blue Violet, Viola sororia

Downy Yellow Violet, V. pubescens

Parsley family, Apiaceae

Golden Alexander, Zizia aurea

Water Hemlock, Cicuta maculata

Heath family, Ericaceae

Pipsissewa, Chimaphila maculata

Logania family, Loganiaceae

Indian Pink, Spigelia, Spigelia marilandica

Phlox family, Polemoniaceae

Wild Sweet William, Phlox divaricata

Borage family, Boraginaceae

Wild Comfrey or False Forget-Me-Not, Cynoglossum virginianum

Mint family, Lamiaceae

Skullcap, Scutellaria integrifolia

Lyre-leaved Sage, Salvia lyrata

Snapdragon family, Scrophylariaceae

Smooth Foxglove, Aureolaria laevigata

Broom-Rape family, Orobanchaceae

Beechdrops, Epifagus virginiana

Madder family, Rubiaceae

Partridge-Berry, Mitchella repens

Small Bluets, Houstonia pusilla

Purple Bluets, H. purpurea

Bluebell family, Campanulaceae

Cardinal Flower, Lobelia cardinalis

Great Blue Lobelia, L. siphilitica

Sunflower or Composite family, Asteraceae

Daisy Fleabane, Erigeron philadelphicus

Common Goldenrod, Solidago altissima

Green Coneflower, Rudbeckia laciniata

Eared Coreopsis, Coreopsis auriculata

Golden Ragwort, Senecio aureus

Hawkweed, Hieracium species


Ferns of Jemison Park

A number of native ferns can be found in the moist and shady recesses of the park. For more about our ferns, see Ferns of Alabama and Fern Allies by Blanche E. Dean.


Rattlesnake Fern, Botrychium virginianum

Common Grapefern, B. dissectum


Cinnamon Fern, Osmunda cinnamomea


Bracken, Pteridium aquilinum


Lady Fern, Athyrium asplenioides

Christmas Fern, Polystichum acrostichoides

Beech Fern, Thelypteris hexagonoptera

New York Fern, T. noveboracensis

Sensitive Fern, Onoclea sensibilis


Ebony Spleenwort, Asplenium platyneuron


Resurrection Fern, Polypodium polypodioides


Buy a book and support Friends of Jemison Park

$10 to buy the book (includes shipping and handling)

Donate to the Friends of Jemison Park

Support the Friends of Jemison Park.